We are pleased to announce that the 2018 Science Book describing GMT’s strengths and its potential for scientific discovery is now released and available for download.
The book is divided into chapters describing the transformative impact that GMT will have on areas spanning observational astrophysics—from exoplanets around neighboring stars to the formation of the first, most distant stars, galaxies, and black holes in the universe. The first chapter also describes the GMT itself, explaining its unique design and capabilities, including the first-generation instrument suite that has been chosen to maximize the GMT’s scientific impact during early operations.
Each chapter starts with an introduction to the general astrophysical topic and why it is important to understanding the universe around us, followed by a more detailed introduction for non-specialist scientists. The main body of each chapter goes into more detail about specific scientific programs that will be enabled by the sensitivity and capabilities of GMT and its instruments, and how it will complement other observatories operating in the coming decades. While we cannot predict all that GMT will do, these programs represent a sample of the most interesting and transformative science that our community is planning to do with GMT.
This publication is the result of a year of work by the Science Advisory Committee, scientists from around our partnership and the international community, the GMT Project Scientist Dr. Rebecca Bernstein, and the communications team at GMTO.
Chapter 1: Introduction to the Giant Magellan Telescope
Chapter 2: Exoplanets and Planet Formation: Are we alone in the universe?
Chapter 3: The Birth of Stars: Where and how are stars born?
Chapter 4: The Death of Stars: How do stars die?
Chapter 5: Building the Milky Way and its Neighbors: How did galaxies grow and evolve?
Chapter 6: The Growth of Galaxies Over Cosmic Time: How do stars form in galaxies over cosmic time?
Chapter 7: Building Galaxies from Cosmic Gas: How does the gas that feeds star formation get into galaxies?
Chapter 8: Cosmology and The Dark Universe: How did the universe form and grow?
Chapter 9: First Light & Reionization: What were the first sources of light and how did they transform the universe?
Download the Science Book here.